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Environmental Health and Toxicology 2019;e2019003. doi: https://doi.org/10.5620/eht.e2019003    [Accepted]
Factors on fate and toxicity of strong acids in groundwater and soil environment
Doyun Shin , Youngyeon Kim, Hee Sun Moon
Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, DAEJEON, Korea
Corresponding Author: Doyun Shin ,Tel: +821047877352, Fax: +82428683418, Email: doyun12@kigam.re.kr
Received: August 13, 2018;  Accepted: October 12, 2018.
We reviewed the chemical/physical properties, toxicity, environmental fate, and ecotoxicity of strong acids in soil and groundwater environments. We recommend that sulfuric acid and hydrofluoric acid be classified as chemicals of priority control based on volumes used, toxicity, carcinogenicity, and past significant spill events. Understanding the behavior and transport of spilled strong acids in soil and groundwater environments requires a multi-disciplinary approach, as they can undergo a variety of geochemical and biochemical reactions with complex geomedia. The toxicity of spilled acid is dependent on the characteristics of the geomedia exposed to the acid and the amount of residual protons following acid?뱒ubstrate interaction. Soil texture, cation exchange capacity, mineral composition, bedrock type, and aluminum content may be important factors affecting the toxicity of spilled acid in soil-groundwater environments. We expect that the results of this study will contribute preliminary data for future research on chemical spills.
Keywords: strong acids; chemical spill; environmental toxicity; soil and groundwater; sulfuric acid; hydrofluoric acid
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Fate and toxicity of spilled chemicals in groundwater and soil environment I: strong acids  2018 December;33(4)
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