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Journal of Environmental Toxicology 2006;21(2):93-102.
가솔린첨가제 MTBE의 인체 및 생태영향
안윤주, 이우미
Effects of Gasoline Additive, Methyl tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE) to Human Health and Ecosystem
Youn-Joo An , Woo-Mi Lee
ABSTRACT
  Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE), an octane booster that is added to the reformulated gasoline, has been a widespread contaminant in aquatic ecosystem. MTBE is a recalcitrant pollutant having low biodegradability. Due to its higher water solubility and low octanol-water partition coefficient, it can be rapidly transported to the surrounding water environment. Also, MTBE is a known animal carcinogen, and is classified as a possible human carcinogen by U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. The adverse effect of MTBE to aquatic biota was widely reported. In Korea, the recent detection of MTBE in groundwater near gasoline filling stations has drawn concern to public health and ecosystem. To address this concern, the effect of MTBE to human health and ecosystem was discussed in this review. Also, ecotoxicity data of MTBE for fish, invertebrates, and algae were extensively compared to estimate the hazard concentration 5 (HC?) of MTBE as a screening level.
Keywords: methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE); gasoline additive; human health; ecosystem; ecotoxicity; HC?
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